Below: Llanafan Village
St Afans Church
Its a nice little village. There will be a lot of us,
lets leave the place with local people having a good impression of us.
Devils Bridge. Rheidol light railway, falls,
and other attractions.
Below: Railway station and cafe.
Nant-y-moch, a scenic route and recommended route to
Talybont. It passes through a mining area and has mines on route that are
included in field trips.
Photo shows the track to Brynyrafr Mine, council road
in background. Henfwlch Mine is in the trees, high left.
Llywernog Mining Museum
Take a look at
Llywernog mining museum
Nice seaside resort with some mining related history and an abundance
of restaurants and cafe's
There is Aberystwyth Castle to see.
Aberystwyth Castle and A Mining Enigma
Aberystwyth Castle is in ruinous state mainly due to the fact that it was
blown up when
captured by the parliamentarian forces during the civil war. A large
stock of powder already there was very convenient rather having to bring
it in from afar for the purpose. Otherwise they would have very likely
just set fire to the place.
There was a massive amount of powder being stored at the castle; in fact a
lot more than was necessary for strictly military use.
Although it is generally accepted
that gunpowder was first introduced into mining about 1690, the real
possibility that Thomas Bushell was using powder to drive his level at
Talybont in 1637 cannot be overlooked. The Talybont level itself was a
remarkable achievement, being driven a distance of 200 fathoms or 1200
feet in four years; this equals about 6 feet a week.
We know that Bushell was using some
German miners and that blasting with powder originated in Saxony.
Bushell was also a good friend of
Prince Rupert, something that would have made access to gunpowder easy if
Bushell had wanted it.. Prince Rupert was responsible for bringing over
German miners to work the Ecton copper mines with gunpowder which is
generally excepted as its first use.
Also, a later reference to the
minerís tools, where borers are mentioned. These could have been used for
lime setting, but could also have been used to bore shot holes. If this
is a correct interpretation, Bushellís Level would be the first level to
be driven in the country using gunpowder.
Its a nice walk around the castle.
The two 'cannon, by the way are actually carronades, were carried aboard
ships and relate to alter period.
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